How do I Get Information to the Judge? Should I Send a Letter?

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Even though people sometimes want to tell the judge something, or ask the court to do something before their next court hearing, the court is generally not allowed to get new information or be asked to do something unless the other party knows what is being said or asked and has a right to respond. Anything you want to tell the judge, or ask the court to do, must be given to the court on the right form and shared with your former spouse or partner.

File a Written Declaration

If you have a hearing Opens new window scheduled soon, you may complete and file a:

  • Declaration (Form MC-030) Opens new window with the court.

First, write your information in the form of a “declaration,” Opens new window made and signed under penalty of perjuryOpens new window

Then, file your declaration with the court and have it served Opens new window on your former spouse or partner.

Finally, a proof of service Opens new window must be filed with the court.

The judge will then review the declaration when reviewing your file in preparation for the hearing.

  • If there is no hearing pending, the judge will not review your file.


If you want the court to do something, you will need to file a:

  • Notice of Motion (Form FL-301) Opens new window or
  • Request for Order (form FL-300) Opens new window

and accompanying forms to get a hearing scheduled.


Testimony at the Hearing

The other way to get information to the judge is through your own testimony at a hearing, or through the testimony of a witness.

If you decide to call witnesses at your hearing, you have to file and serve a witness list prior to the hearing. The witness list must include the names of all of the witnesses you intend to call with a brief description of their expected testimony. This must be filed with the court and served on the opposing party or lawyer. (If you do not file and serve a witness list before the hearing, the court may postpone your hearing to a later time.)



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